Sunday, 15 April 2012
Data Acquisition System (DAS) with a neat block diagram
The Data Acquisition System:
Elements in the block diagram:-
The block diagram of a general Data Acquisition System (DAS) is shown below.
1 . Transducer is require in it
2 . Signal conditioner is require in it
3 . Multiplexer (MUX) is require in it
4 . A-D Converter is require in it
5 . Recorders devices and Display devices are require in it
A transducer is used to convert the physical parameters corning from the field into
electrical signals or it is used to measure directly the electrical quantities such as resistance,
voltage, frequency, etc.
2. Signal Conditioner:-
Usually the output signals of the transducer will be of very low level (weak) signals
which cannot be used for further processing. In order to make the signals strong enough to drive the other elements signal conditioners are used such as amplifiers, modifiers, filters etc.
The function of the multiplexer is to accept multiple analog inputs (after signal
conditioning) and provide a single output sequentially according to the requirements.
4. A/D Converter:-
The analog-to-digital (A/D) converter is generally used to convert the analog
data into digital form. The digital data is used for the purpose of easy processing, transmission, digital display and storage.
Processing involves various operations on data such as comparison, mathematical manipulations, data is collected, converted into useful form and utilized for various
purposes like for control operation and display etc.
The transmission of data in digital form is possible over short distances as well as long distances of and has advantages over transmission in analog form. The data can be stored permanently or temporarily and can be displayed on a CRT or digital panel.
5. Recorders and Display Devices:-
In display devices the data is displayed in a suitable form in order to
monitor the input signals. Examples of display devices are oscilloscopes, numerical displays,
panel meters, etc.
In order to have either a temporary or permanent record of the useful data recorders are
used and analog data can be recorded either graphically or on a magnetic tape. Optical
recorders, ultraviolet recorders, styles-and-ink recorders are some of its examples.
The digital data can be recorded through digital recorders. The digital data is first
converted into a suitable form for recording by means of a coupling unit and then recorded on a magnetic tape, punched cards or a perforated paper tape.